In South Africa, the most important of the many insect pests that attack the cape gooseberry are cutworms, in seedbeds; red spider after plants have been established in the field; the potato tuber moth if the cape gooseberry is in the vicinity of potato fields. Hares damage young plants and birds eat the fruits if not repelled. In India, mites may cause defoliation. In Jamaica, the leaves were suddenly riddled by what were apparently flea beetles. In The Bahamas, whitefly attacks on the very young plants and flea beetles on the flowering plants required controlIn South Africa, the most troublesome diseases are powdery mildew and soft brown scale. The plants are prone to root rots and viruses if on poorly-drained soil or if carried over to a second year. Therefore, farmers favor biennial plantings. Bacterial leaf spot (Xanthomonas spp.) occurs in Queensland. A strain of tobacco mosaic may affect plants in India. In New Zealand plants can be infected by 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
Scientific studies of the cape gooseberry show its constituents, possibly polyphenols and/or carotenoids, demonstrate anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties
The crude extract of the fruit bearing plant, has demonstrated anti-hepatoma and anti-inflammatory activities
Antidiabetes and antihypertension in vitro
Some "withanolides" isolated from the plant have shown anti-cancer activity The unusual 5-chloride withanolide, 9, displayed significant cytotoxic activity.
Antihepatotoxic (in rats)
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) has been found in the plant. Evidence, mainly from animal models, suggests that melatonin administration may help to prevent or cure diseases associated with oxidative stress, including neurodegenerative diseases, which frequently occur during aging.
In folk medicine, Physalis peruviana has been used as a medicinal herb for cancer, leukemia, malaria, asthma, hepatitis, dermatitis and rheumatism. None of these diseases, however, is yet confirmed in human clinical in vivo studies as treatable by the cape gooseberry
Native to high altitude tropical Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru where the fruits grow wild, physalis are casually eaten and occasionally sold in markets. Only recently has the plant become an important crop; it has been widely introduced into cultivation in other tropical, subtropical and even temperate areas.
The plant was grown by early settlers of the Cape of Good Hope before 1807. In South Africa it is commercially cultivated; canned fruits and jam are staple commodities, often exported. It is also cultivated and naturalized on a small scale in Gabon and other parts of Central Africa.
Soon after its adoption in the Cape of Good Hope (presumably the origin of the name 'Cape gooseberry'), it was carried to Australia, where it was one of the few fresh fruits of the early settlers in New South Wales. It is also favored in New Zealand where it is said that "the housewife is sometimes embarrassed by the quantity of berries in the garden", and government agencies promote increased culinary use. It is also grown in India, and is called Rasbhari (रसभरी) in Hindi.
The Cape gooseberry is also grown in North Eastern China, namely Heilongjiang province. A seasonal fruit harvested in late August through September. In Chinese pinyin, the fruit is informally referred to as "gu niao" (菇茑) and the scientific name is Physalis pubescens L or in Chinese pinyin "mao suan jiang" (毛酸浆).
It has been widely grown in Egypt for at least half a century and is known locally as ""harankash"" حرنكش, a word of obscure origin, or as is-sitt il-mistaHiya الست المستحية (the shy woman), a reference to the papery sheath. It makes an excellent crumble, substituting harankash for apples, for example
Physalis peruviana, known in English as golden berry (South Africa), physalis, Inca berry, cape gooseberry, giant ground cherry, Peruvian groundcherry, Peruvian cherry (U.S.), poha (Hawaii), ras bhari (India), aguaymanto (Peru), uvilla (Ecuador), uchuva (Colombia) and physalis. It is indigenous to South America but was cultivated in South Africa in the region of the Cape of Good Hope during the 19th century, imparting the common name, cape gooseberry
The Golden Berry comes from a species of Physalis, which is mostly cultivated in areas like Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Africa (in warm conditions, filled with sun and an adequate amount of rain). The Incan berry, which is the edible fruit of the Physalis plant, is yellow and orange in color and is made up of many nutrients like vitamin P (bioflavinoids-anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, antihistamine and anti-viral properties), pectin, phosphorous, protein and vitamins A, C, B1, B2, B6 and B12
The Goldenberry is high in protein - (approximately 16%) which is extremely high for any kind of a plant or fruit making them an excellent protein supplement for those who don’t care to get their protein from animal or meat sources. Protein is vital to the development of tissues in the body among many things. As we burn off energy, our bodies require protein to rebuild and
.make repairs throughout the body
Goldenberries are high in Phosphorous – Aside from calcium, phosphorous is one of the most vital minerals in the body and necessary for the growth and strengthening of bones and teeth. Calcium alone isn’t capable of building strong bones and tissue, as research has shown that phosphorous is needed to maximize bone-strengthening benefit
Golden berries are an Excellent Source of Vitamin A – Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that not only aids in keeping eyes, skin and mucous membranes moist but it’s also a potent antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body. These free radicals are capable of causing severe tissue damage. It exists as beta-carotene in many plants which the body converts in
Golden berries are an Excellent Source of Vitamin C – A water-soluble vitamin also known as ascorbic acid that is a potent antioxidant, required by more than 300 metabolic functions in the body including tissue growth, adrenal gland function, healthy gums, metabolism, etc. One of the major benefits is that it can bind with toxic substances and certain heavy metals to render them harmless while setting them up for easy excretion.
Golden berries are rich in Complex B Vitamins – There are numerous B vitamins that exist in the Golden berry fruit (B1, B2, B6 and B12). These complex B vitamins do a great deal to reduce stress, improve memory, improve energy and reduce fatigue, spur metabolism, relieve PMS and reduce the risk of heart disease. They’ve even been shown to help the body burn fat and glucose off for energy.
A Delicious source of Bioflavonoids – Studies have proven that bioflavonoids possess antiviral, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antihistamine and antioxidant properties. Essential, the Goldenberry can potentially help you correct a number of ailments if it becomes part of a regular diet.
Ancient Egyptians were used golden berries as general fortifier of human body. The plants were formerly highly prized by Arab physicians as a medical plant for treating kidney diseases (as it purportedly disintegrated kidney stones) and urinary passages diseases.
Throughout history humans have used some 3,000 plant species for food. The recent tendency has been to exploit fewer species and today, only around 20 species supply most of the world’s food. Many beneficial plant species have been underused. Among unexploited tropical fruits, golden berry is very promising. The genus golden berries, established by Linnaeus in 1753, contain about 460 species of annual and perennial herbs. It is native to tropical and subtropical America and is widely distributed throughout the world
Golden berry is usually exported from several countries including Colombia, Egypt, Zimbabwe and South Africa, but Colombia stands out as one of the largest countries to consume and export it.
The golden berry market is ever growing, due to the high demand in the local, Arabic, and European markets.
As golden berry is in great demand, a lot of industries will be introduced to its market in the near future such as juice, dried sheet, jam and dried fruits due to its numerous uses and several benefits.